AutoriSilvio Paluzzi; Susanna Alloisio; Simona Zappettini; Marco Milanese; Luca Raiteri; Mario Nobile; Giambattista Bonanno
AbstractGlutamate release induced by mild depolarization was studied in astroglial preparations from the adult rat cerebral cortex, that is acutely isolated glial sub-cellular particles (gliosomes), cultured adult or neonatal astrocytes, and neuron-conditioned astrocytes. K+ (15, 35 mmol/L), 4-aminopyridine (0.1, 1 mmol/L) or veratrine (1, 10 micromol/L) increased endogenous glutamate or [3H]D-aspartate release from gliosomes. Neurotransmitter release was partly dependent on external Ca2+, suggesting the involvement of exocytotic-like processes, and partly because of the reversal of glutamate transporters. K+ increased gliosomal membrane potential, cytosolic Ca2+ concentration [Ca2+]i, and vesicle fusion rate. Ca2+ entry into gliosomes and glutamate release were independent from voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channel opening; they were instead abolished by 2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl]ethyl]isothiurea (KB-R7943), suggesting a role for the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger working in reverse mode. K+ (15, 35 mmol/L) elicited increase of [Ca2+]i and Ca2+-dependent endogenous glutamate release in adult, not in neonatal, astrocytes in culture. Glutamate release was even more marked in in vitro neuron-conditioned adult astrocytes. As seen for gliosomes, K+-induced Ca2+ influx and glutamate release were abolished by KB-R7943 also in cultured adult astrocytes. To conclude, depolarization triggers in vitro glutamate exocytosis from in situ matured adult astrocytes; an aptitude grounding on Ca2+ influx driven by the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger working in the reverse mode.
RivistaJournal Of Neurochemistry
Impact factor
Pagina inizio1196
Pagina fine1207
Autori IBFMario NOBILE, Susanna ALLOISIO
Linee di Ricerca IBFMD.P01.001.001