Anno2015
AutoriMetkar S.S.; Marchioretto M.; Antonini V.; Lunelli L.; Wang B.; Gilbert R.J.; Anderluh G.; Roth R.; Pooga M.; Pardo J.; Heuser J.E.; Dalla Serra M.; Froelich C.J.
AbstractPerforin-mediated cytotoxicity is an essential host defense, in which defects contribute to tumor development and pathogenic disorders including autoimmunity and autoinflammation. How perforin (PFN) facilitates intracellular delivery of pro-apoptotic and inflammatory granzymes across the bilayer of targets remains unresolved. Here we show that cellular susceptibility to granzyme B (GzmB) correlates with rapid PFN-induced phosphatidylserine externalization, suggesting that pores are formed at a protein-lipid interface by incomplete membrane oligomers (or arcs). Supporting a role for these oligomers in protease delivery, an anti-PFN antibody (pf-80) suppresses necrosis but increases phosphatidylserine flip-flop and GzmB-induced apoptosis. As shown by atomic force microscopy on planar bilayers and deep-etch electron microscopy on mammalian cells, pf-80 increases the proportion of arcs which correlates with the presence of smaller electrical conductances, while large cylindrical pores decline. PFN appears to form arc structures on target membranes that serve as minimally disrupting conduits for GzmB translocation. The role of these arcs in PFN-mediated pathology warrants evaluation where they may serve as novel therapeutic targets.Cell Death and Differentiation advance online publication, 22 August 2014; doi:10.1038/cdd.2014.110.
RivistaCell Death And Differentiation (online)
ISSN1476-5403
Impact factor0
Volume22
Pagina inizio74
Pagina fine85
Autori IBFMauro DALLA SERRA, Valeria ANTONINI, Lorenzo LUNELLI, Marta MARCHIORETTO
Linee di Ricerca IBFMD.P01.028.001
Sedi IBFIBF.TN