AutoriMarasini, C.; Galeno, L.; Moran, O.
AbstractThe regulatory domain (RD) of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), the defective protein in cystic fibrosis, is the region of the channel that regulates the CFTR activity with multiple phosphorylation sites. This domain is an intrinsically disordered protein, characterized by lack of stable or unique tertiary structure. The disordered character of a protein is directly correlated with its function. The flexibility of RD may be important for its regulatory role: the continuous conformational change may be necessary for the progressive phosphorylation, and thus activation, of the channel. However, the lack of a defined and stable structure results in a considerable limitation when trying to in build a unique molecular model for the RD. Moreover, several evidences indicate significant structural differences between the native, non-phosphorylated state, and the multiple phosphorylated state of the protein. The aim of our work is to provide data to describe the conformations and the thermodynamic properties in these two functional states of RD. We have done the circular dichroism (CD) spectra in samples with a different degree of phosphorylation, from the non-phosphorylated state to a bona fide completely phosphorylated state. Analysis of CD spectra showed that the random coil and beta-sheets secondary structure decreased with the polypeptide phosphorylation, at expenses of an increase of alpha-helix. This observation lead to interpret phosphorylation as a mechanism favoring a more structured state. We also studied the thermal denaturation curves of the protein in the two conditions, monitoring the changes of the mean residue ellipticity measured at 222 nm as a function of temperature, between 20 and 95 degrees C. The thermodynamic analysis of the denaturation curves shows that phosphorylation of the protein induces a state of lower stability of R domain, characterized by a lower transition temperature, and by a smaller Gibbs free energy difference between the native and the unfolded states. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
RivistaBiochemical And Biophysical Research Communications
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Pagina inizio549
Pagina fine552
Autori IBFOscar MORAN, Lauretta GALENO, Carlotta MARASINI
Linee di Ricerca IBFMD.P01.009.001