Anno2006
AutoriIRITI, M., SIRONI, M., GOMARASCA, S., CASAZZA, A.P., SOAVE, C. & FAORO, F.
AbstractThe antiviral activity induced by chitosan (CHT), and the mechanisms underlying it, were studied in a tobacco-tobacco necrosis necrovirus (TNV) pathosystem. Treatments with 0.1% CHT enhanced tobacco inducible defenses against TNV, reducing significantly the virus-induced necrotic lesions (in a range from 32% to 83%). In planta, this resistance was associated with a network of callose deposits, micro-oxidative bursts and micro-hypersensitive responses (micro-HRs), as assessed, respectively, by aniline blue, 3,3'-diaminobenzidine (DAB) and Evans blue staining. In order to verify if CHT-elicited cell death could be regarded as an apoptotic process, tobacco bright yellow 2 (BY2) cell cultures were treated with different CHT concentrations, ranging from 0.01% to 0.1%. After 6 h about half of the cultured cells incubated in 0.05% CHT were Evans blue positive, showing some typical morphological features of apoptosis, such as cytoplasm shrinkage and nuclear chromatin condensation. The latter was checked by 4',6-diamino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) and ethidium bromide nuclear staining and was visible already at 2 h after treatment. Moreover, the cell death kinetic induced by CHT was delayed by Verapamil(R), a calcium channel blocker. Finally, electrophoresis of genomic DNA extracted from cultured cell after 48 h treatment showed internucleosomal fragmentation, visualized as a distinct ladder of DNA bands corresponding to oligonucleosomal units.
RivistaPlant Physiology And Biochemistry (paris)
ISSN0981-9428
Impact factor0
Volume44
Pagina inizio893
Pagina fine900
Linee di Ricerca IBFMD.P01.005.001
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