Anno2012
AutoriCervetto C; Mazzotta MC; Frattaroli D; Alloisio S; Nobile M; Maura G; Marcoli M
AbstractWe previously observed that activation of presynaptic P2X7 receptors located on rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals induced the release of glutamate through different modes: the channel conformation allowing Ca2+ entry triggered exocytotic release, while the receptor itself functioned as a permeation pathway for the non-exocytotic glutamate release. Considering that exocytotic and non-exocytotic glutamate release evoked by the activation of P2X7 receptors might play a role in the control of glutamatergic synapses, we investigated whether calmidazolium (which has been found to inhibit small cation currents through recombinant P2X7 receptors, but not organic molecule permeation) could distinguish between P2X7-related exocytotic and non-exocytotic modes of glutamate release. We found that calmidazolium inhibited the intrasynaptosomal Ca2+ response to P2X7 receptor activation and the Ca2+-dependent exocytotic glutamate release from rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals, but was ineffective against the Ca2+-independent glutamate release. The P2X7 competitive antagonist A-438079 eliminated both exocytotic and non-exocytotic P2X7 receptor-evoked glutamate release. Selective inhibition of exocytotic glutamate release indicates that calmidazolium inhibits events dependent on the function of native rat P2X7 receptors as Ca2+ channels, and suggests that it can be used as a tool to dissociate P2X7-evoked exocytotic from non-exocytotic glutamate release.
RivistaNeurochemistry International
ISSN0197-0186
Impact factor
Volume60
Pagina inizio772
Pagina fine768
Autori IBFMario NOBILE, Susanna ALLOISIO
Linee di Ricerca IBFMD.P01.001.001
Sedi IBFIBF.GE