Anno2011
AutoriBari M, Bonifacino T, Milanese M, Spagnuolo P, Zappettini S, Battista N, Giribaldi F, Usai C, Bonanno G, Maccarrone M
AbstractThe endocannabinoid system and endocannabinoid receptor-driven modulation of glutamate release were studied in rat brain cortex astroglial gliosomes. These preparations contained the endocannabinoids N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol, as well their major biosynthetic (N-acyl-phosphatidylethanolamines-hydrolyzing-phospholipase D and diacylglycerol-lipase) and catabolic (fatty acid amide-hydrolase and monoacylglycerol-lipase) enzymes. Gliosomes expressed type-1 (CB1R), type-2 (CB2R) cannabinoid, and type-1 vanilloid (TRPV1) receptors, as ascertained by Western blotting and confocal microscopy. Methanandamide, a stable analogue of anandamide acting as CB1R, CB2R, and TRPV1 agonist, stimulated or inhibited the depolarization-evoked gliosomal [(3)H]D: -aspartate release, at lower and higher concentrations, respectively. Experiments with ACEA (arachidonyl-2'-chloroethylamide), JWH133 ((6aR,10aR)-3-(1,1-dimethylbutyl)-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydro-6,6,9-trimethyl-6H-dibenzo[b,d]-pyran) and capsaicin, selective agonists at CB1R, CB2R and TRPV1, respectively, demonstrated that potentiation of [(3)H]D: -aspartate release was due to CB1R while inhibition to CB2R and TRPV1 engagement. These findings were confirmed by using selective receptor antagonists. Furthermore, CB1R activation caused increase of intracellular IP3 and Ca(2+) concentration, suggesting an involvement of phospholipase C.
RivistaCellular And Molecular Life Sciences
ISSN
Impact factor7
Volume68
Pagina inizio833
Pagina fine845
Autori IBFCesare USAI
Linee di Ricerca IBFMD.P01.001.001
Sedi IBFIBF.GE