AutoriZifarelli G, Pusch M
AbstractSeveral members of the CLC family are secondary active anion/proton exchangers, and not passive chloride channels. Among the exchangers, the endosomal ClC-5 protein that is mutated in Dent's disease shows an extreme outward rectification that precludes a precise determination of its transport stoichiometry from measurements of the reversal potential. We developed a novel imaging method to determine the absolute proton flux in Xenopus oocytes from the extracellular proton gradient. We determined a transport stoichiometry of 2 Cl(-)/1 H+. Nitrate uncoupled proton transport but mutating the highly conserved serine 168 to proline, as found in the plant NO3(-)/H+ antiporter atClCa, led to coupled NO3(-)/H+ exchange. Among several amino acids tested at position 168, S168P was unique in mediating highly coupled NO3(-)/H+ exchange. We further found that ClC-5 is strongly stimulated by intracellular protons in an allosteric manner with an apparent pK of approximately 7.2. A 2:1 stoichiometry appears to be a general property of CLC anion/proton exchangers. Serine 168 has an important function in determining anionic specificity of the exchange mechanism.
RivistaEmbo Journal
Impact factor8.993
Pagina inizio175
Pagina fine182
Autori IBFMichael PUSCH, Giovanni ZIFARELLI
Linee di Ricerca IBFMD.P01.009.001