Anno2009
AutoriBodrato N, Franco L, Fresia C, Guida L, Usai C, Salis A, Moreschi I, Ferraris C, Verderio C, Basile G, Bruzzone S, Scarfì S, De Flora A, Zocchi E
AbstractAbscisic acid (ABA) is a phytohormone regulating important functions in higher plants, notably responses to abiotic stress. Recently, chemical or physical stimulation of human granulocytes was shown to induce production and release of endogenous ABA, which activates specific cell functions. Here we provide evidence that ABA stimulates several functional activities of the murine microglial cell line N9 (NO and tumor necrosis factor-alpha production, cell migration) through the second messenger cyclic ADP-ribose and an increase of intracellular calcium. ABA production and release occur in N9 cells stimulated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide, phorbol myristate acetate, the chemoattractant peptide f-MLP, or beta-amyloid, the primary plaque component in Alzheimer disease. Finally, ABA priming stimulates N9 cell migration toward beta-amyloid. These results indicate that ABA is a pro-inflammatory hormone inducing autocrine microglial activation, potentially representing a new target for anti-inflammatory therapies aimed at limiting microglia-induced tissue damage in the central nervous system.
RivistaJournal Of Biological Chemistry
ISSN0021-9258
Impact factor5.328
Volume284
Pagina inizio14777
Pagina fine14787
Autori IBFCesare USAI
Linee di Ricerca IBFMD.P01.001.001
Sedi IBFIBF.GE