AutoriDynowski M; Schaaf G; Loque D; Moran O; Ludewig U.
AbstractH(2)O(2) is a relatively long-lived reactive oxygen species that signals between cells and organisms. H(2)O(2) signalling in plants is essential for response to stress, defence against pathogens and the regulation of programmed cell death. Although H(2)O(2) diffusion across membranes is often considered as a passive property of lipid bilayers, native membranes represent significant barriers for H(2)O(2). In the present study we addressed the question of whether channels might facilitate H(2)O(2) conduction across plasma membranes. The expression of several plant plasma membrane aquaporins in yeast, including PIP2;1 from Arabidopsis (where PIP is plasma membrane intrinsic protein), enhanced the toxicity of H(2)O(2) and increased the fluorescence of dye-loaded yeast when exposed to H(2)O(2). The sensitivity of aquaporin-expressing yeast to H(2)O(2) was altered by mutations that alter gating and the selectivity of the aquaporins. The conduction of water, H(2)O(2) and urea was compared, using molecular dynamics simulations based on the crystal structure of SoPIP2;1 from spinach. The calculations identify differences in the conduction between the substrates and reveal channel residues critically involved in H(2)O(2) conduction. The results of the calculations on tetramers and monomers are in agreement with the biochemical data. Taken together, the results strongly suggest that plasma membrane aquaporin pores determine the efficiency of H(2)O(2) signalling between cells. Aquaporins are present in most species and their capacity to facilitate the diffusion of H(2)O(2) may be of physiological significance in many organisms and particularly in communication between different species.
RivistaBiochemical Journal (lond., 1984)
Impact factor
Pagina inizio53
Pagina fine61
Autori IBFOscar MORAN
Linee di Ricerca IBFMD.P01.009.001