Anno2016
AutoriZhou C.; Vitiello V.; Pellegrini D.; Wu C.; Morelli E.; Buttino I.
AbstractQuantum dot nanoparticles (QDs) are proposed as novel materials for photovoltaic technologies, light emitting devices, and biomedical applications. In this study we investigated the effect of CdSe/ZnS QDs on the growth rate of four microalgae: the diatom Phaeodactylum tricomutum, the cryptophyte Rhinomonas reticulata, the prymnesiophyte Isocluysis galbana and the green alga Dunaliella tertiolecta. In addition we analyzed the effect of QDs on the copepod Acartia tonsa. A classical acute test (48-h) with embryos was carried out to evaluate naupliar survival. Moreover, a 4-day chronic test with adult cope-pods was conducted to evaluate their fecundity (embryos f(-1)day(-1)) and egg hatching success. QDs in the range from 1 to 4 nM gradually inhibited the growth rate of P. tricomutum, 1. galbana, R reticulata and D. tertiolecta with an EC50 of 1.5, 2.4, 2.5 and 4.2 nM, respectively. Acute tests with A. tonsa (QD concentration tested from 0.15 to 1.5 nM) showed an increased naupliar mortality in response to QD treatment, exhibiting an EC50 of 0.7 nM. Chronic test showed no negative effect on egg production, except on the last two days at the highest QD concentration (2.5 nM). No significant reduction of the percentage of egg hatching success was recorded during the exposure. Toxicity assessment of QDs was also investigated at the molecular level, studying heat shock protein 70 gene expression (hsp 70). Our results indicate that hsp70 was upregulated in adults exposed 3 days to 0.5 nM QDs. Overall, these results suggest that species unable to swim along the water column, like P. tricomutum and early hatched cope-pods, could be more exposed to toxic effects of QDs which tend to aggregate and settle in seawater
RivistaEcotoxicology And Environmental Safety (online)
ISSN1090-2414
Impact factor
Volume123
Pagina inizio26
Pagina fine31
Autori IBFElisabetta MORELLI
Linee di Ricerca IBFTA.P04.030.001
Sedi IBFIBF.PI