AutoriVaghi V, Potrich C, Lunelli L, Facci P, Pasquardini L, Vanzetti L, Pederzolli C
AbstractMicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, small (18-24 nt), non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. Among miRNAs, those bound to the AGO2 protein are the functionally active fraction which mediates the cell regulatory processes and regulate messages exchanged by cells. Several methods have been developed to purify this fraction of microRNAs, such as immunoprecipitation and immunoprecipitation-derived techniques. However, all these techniques are generally recognized as technically complicated and time consuming. Here, a new bio-functional surface for the specific capture of AGO2-bound microRNAs is proposed. Starting from a silicon oxide surface, a protein A layer was covalently bound via epoxy chemistry to orient specific anti-AGO2 antibodies on the surface. The anti-AGO2 antibodies captured the AGO2 protein present in cell lysate and in human plasma. The AGO2-bound microRNAs were then released by enzymatic digestion and detected via RT-qPCR. Control surfaces were also prepared and tested. Every step in the preparation of the bio-functional surfaces was fully characterized from the chemical, morphological and functional point of view. The resulting bio-functional surface is able to specifically capture the AGO2-bound miRNAs from biologically-relevant samples, such as cell lysate and human plasma. These samples contain different proportions of AGO2-bound microRNAs, as reliably detected with the immunocapture method here proposed. This work opens new perspectives for a simple and faster method to isolate not only AGO2-bound microRNAs, but also the multiprotein complex containing AGO2 and miRNAs.
RivistaColloids And Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces (online)
Impact factor
Pagina inizio746
Pagina fine753
Autori IBFCristina POTRICH, Lorenzo LUNELLI, Paolo FACCI
Linee di Ricerca IBFMD.P01.009.001, MD.P01.028.001