AutoriVindas-Smith R.; Fiore M.; Vasquez M.; Cuenca P.; del Valle G.; Lagostena L.; Gaitan-Penas H.; Estevez R.; Pusch M.; Morales F.
AbstractMutations in the gene coding for the skeletal muscle Cl- channel (CLCN1) lead to dominant or recessive myotonia. Here, we identified and characterized CLCN1 mutations in Costa Rican patients, who had been clinically diagnosed with myotonic dystrophy type 1 but who were negative for DM1 mutations. CLCN1 mutations c.501C>G, p.F167L and c.1235A>C, p.Q412P appeared to have recessive inheritance but patients had atypical clinical phenotypes; c.313C>T, p.R105C was found in combination with c.501C>G, p.F167L in an apparently recessive family and the c.461A>G, p.Q154R variant was associated with a less clear clinical picture. In Xenopus oocytes, none of the mutations exhibited alterations of fast or slow gating parameters or single channel conductance, and mutations p.R105C, p.Q154R, and p.F167L were indistinguishable from wild-type (WT). p.Q412P displayed a dramatically reduced current density, surface expression and exerted no dominant negative effect in the context of the homodimeric channel. Fluorescently tagged constructs revealed that p.Q412P is expressed inefficiently. Our study confirms p.F167L and p.R105C as myotonia mutations in the Costa Rican population, whereas p.Q154R may be a benign variant. p.Q412P most likely induces a severe folding defect, explaining the lack of dominance in patients and expression systems, but has WT properties once expressed in the plasma membrane
RivistaHuman Mutation
Impact factor
Pagina inizio74
Pagina fine83
Autori IBFMichael PUSCH, Michele FIORE, Laura LAGOSTENA
Linee di Ricerca IBFMD.P01.009.001